23 May History Of Florida
Florida’s history stretches a far way back in time because it was first inhabited by the Native Americans starting 14,000 years ago. Their evidence is still within the soil, left behind as artifacts.
It was not until 1513 that the Spanish explorer, Juan Ponce de León landed in the New World.
Since that time both French and Spanish came to Florida within that same century. Even Native Americans began entering Florida from elsewhere, along with fugitive slaves and free blacks — deemed the Black Seminoles.
Three different countries held Florida as their own from the 1700’s through 1821, which included in succession, Great Britain, France and Spain. In 1821, Florida became a part of the United States first as a territory, and later as a state (in 1845).
As of 2011, Florida became the third highest population state in the nation. Economically speaking, the state relied on whatever resources it had, from grapefruits and oranges to logging, fishing, farming and even cattle ranching. All other kinds of businesses came to be as a result of pragmatism, such as tourism and banking.
Once the state began getting its footing as such, it was to face some additional stressors that made it challenging enough that people would not fully populate the state until a later time. Between the Civil War, it took a bit to get its bearings.
Beyond the Civil War, which saw Florida pulling out of the U.S., and going with the Confederacy over slavery. Once the nation reunited, the South had to rebuild. Though, the Reconstruction Era was guided by the Federal government. It involved restrictions and oversight and fear on the part of whites that led to lynchings of black people.
The 1920’s saw great innovation and growth for Florida, including the opening of railroads which resulted in the land boom. Investors got into the business of flipping land to make money, making a bubble. It helped produce new real estate development, particularly in Miami and Palm Beach. As is still the case, the weather is still appealing, and the real estate still a good investment.
In 1925, the real estate market went bust and the 1926 hurricane decimated Miami. Mother nature was not to be kind, and hit the southern portion of Florida with another hurricane in 1928 disrupting Palm Beach. More than 2,000 deaths resulted.
Prohibition split the state between the north, which embraced Prohibition, and the south, which became the bootleggers. From then on, the state has seen periods of immense development and growth.